Here’s a good news for pizza lovers: eating it is good for health. In fact, several studies have confirmed that not only pizza is a complete food, but its ingredients have beneficial properties for our body.
Eating pizza once a week is recommended by all doctors; however, there are some cases where pizza consumption should be limited (but never eliminated).
Nutritional properties and precautions
Pizza, like all foods coming from the Mediterranean diet, is a complete meal that contains protein, carbohydrate, fat, and fiber in the optimal percentage. In addition, a pizza not too seasoned has a caloric intake ranging from 700 to 750 calories, so that of a complete meal.
Of course, these values change considerably depending on the ingredients that enrich the pizza.
Despite being a healthy food, there are some people who cannot digest pizza or show intolerance to it. Consumption should be limited by people suffering from diabetes or gastritis, or by those who present irritable bowel syndrome. In some cases, as we will see below, there are small precautions that can solve the problem.
Pizza dough provides carbohydrates that are a good energy source. However, if refined flours such as 0 or 00 are used, there are higher levels of gluten and starch and the absence of fibers.
People who are intolerant to gluten or with high gastric sensitivity can however avoid the problem by ordering a pizza with wholemeal flour, which is becoming more and more common in pizzerias. These flours have a lower gluten content and are rich in fiber, antioxidants, vitamins and mineral salts.
Tomato is a good source of fiber, mineral salts, vitamin C and antioxidants, able to reduce the damage caused by free radicals.
As it is a fresh cheese, mozzarella is a source of protein, vitamins and calcium, important for strengthening the bones. In addition, its consumption is useful for skin hydration.
Olive oil is one of the basic foods of the Mediterranean diet: it has a low quantity of cholesterol and contains monounsaturated fats and vitamin E.
Basil is rich in vitamin A and vitamin C as well as other important antioxidants for our body.
In addition to these basic ingredients, on a pizza can be added other ingredients such as vegetables – rich in fiber, vitamins and mineral salts -, meats and cold cuts – rich in iron – and fish – rich in omega-3 -.
Of course, be careful about the quality and freshness of the ingredients: industrial foods are full of fats and preservatives and that can make the pizza less digestible.